The fundamental premise of an electric bicycle is that it is a hybrid bike that combines pedal power with motor-assisted power. But many who are new to electric bikes wonder how they work.
There are three main components that make an electric bicycle electric: Electric motors, electric batteries, and a display. The battery powers the motor, and the display is where you control how much power you want. It is good to know the main types of motor systems in order to know what works best for you. It’s also a good idea to know the main things to think about when comparing battery options and battery range. Below is a short summary of the most common motor and battery systems you will see when researching for your new electric bike:
Electric Bike Motor
There are two types of motors for electric bikes: Hub motors located on the wheel and replacing the regular hub, and mid-drive motors that are located on the frame. None of these types of motors are superior over the other, but they do have different benefit depending on what you need.
You probably want an ebike with a hub motor system if:
You want the option to sometimes ride very conveniently with very little pedaling power, and you love the idea of having throttle when needed. You also don’t mind bringing the cost down a bit for your new electric bike.
You probably want an ebike with a mid-drive motor system if:
You want to always pedal harder in order to ride faster, similar to how it works on a non-electric bike. You mostly ride in very steep hills and frequently shift your gears to handle the climb easier.
Mid- drive Motors
To dig deeper into the details of different types of hub motors and mid-drive motor, see chapter 8!
Relatively new developments in electric battery technology has had a direct impact on the evolution of electric bikes. When lithium batteries began being mass produced for computer products, their price fell, making an affordable electric bike possible. But portable lithium batteries also are advantageous for electric bikes because they are highly efficient, lightweight, and rechargeable.
When buying an electric bike today, the primary factor you should consider when it comes to the battery is the range of the battery. This is often described as how many miles you can ride on a single charge. The range of a battery certainly depends on how much it is used while riding - the more charge you use, the less range you have. Electric bike batteries should typically provide between 20 and 60 miles per charge. They should also fit into the design of the bike for proper weight distribution, the last place you want the battery placed is on the rear carrier where there’s no low center of gravity and where you typically load other things.
All Blix bikes have the battery placed vertically below the seat or low on the frame, keeping the center of gravity low for a stable riding experience. You can also choose between two different battery capacities: 11ah that takes you up to 40 miles per charge, or 17,5ah that takes you up to 60 miles per charge.